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Archive for the ‘tap water’ Category

Water and sanitation a basic human right

SOURCE - AP File Photo
image – AP File Photo

The United Nations General Assembly has declared that each person on the planet has a right to clean drinking water and sanitation facilities. World leaders in 2000 called for the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation to be cut in half by 2015 (see the Millennium Development Goals)

This relates to the almost one billion people without access to safe and clean drinking water while more than 2 billion have no sanitary means of disposing human waste. The consequence of this lack of access shows up in the high numbers of children, more than one million, who die each from water and sanitation-related diseases.

Bolivia was the country sponsoring the resolution with 122 countries voting “aye” and 41 countries deciding not to vote, to abstain, such as the United States and many Western nations though Belgium, Italy, Germany, Spain and Norway supported it. The United States remains, however, “deeply committed to finding solutions to our water challenges,” but the resolution “describes a right to water and sanitation in a way that is not reflective of existing international law.” READ MORE HERE

The resolution states that “the right to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation as a human right that is essential for the full enjoyment of the right to life.”

READ MORE

QUESTION TO BE PONDERED – COULD THIS ENGENDER THE NEXT WAR? OR WILL THIS LEAD US TO WORLD PEACE?

Water

To our readers

Ensuring environmental sustainability is a goal – Goal 7 – of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals and Muriella’s Corner is committed to support its implementation, in partnership with all who intend to help more than one billion people release their creative energies, to help free them from the shackles of a life of continuing and overwhelming poverty.

Some of you might have noticed that water has been a recurring topic* on Muriella’s Corner and blogs. This seeming bias is due to almost three decades of work in the United Nations in the area of environment, water and sanitation.

REMEMBER TO STAND UP FOR THE ELIMINATION OF POVERTY ON

17 OCTOBER 2007

Muriella’s Corner

*These are earlier issues on water
To filter or not…
End of an era…error?
Environment and you
Water, water, ice
Tips for Travelers to the Tropics

Most of my work took me to developing countries over short and long periods, working with communities, governments and not-for-profit agencies in the drilling of wells, installation of handpumps, building of latrines.

The theme of water vibrates around the globe. In most developing countries, water quantity and water quality are main hurdles for the people. In others, water quality is the main challenge.

I have seen, first hand, the pain and suffering diseases cause to families who ingest and bathe in water populated by parasites – diseases like dracunculiasis (guinea worm), schisostomiasis,bilharziasis, and all the -isises- you can think of.

People’s lives are very affected, too ill to work, not enough time to go to school as fetching water is one of the main duties, especially of girls, and so on.

But they are forced to drink what is available, even though the source is questionable.

They have no CHOICE.

On the other hand, in the developed countries, there is no lack of water. In the quest to make the water potable, many chemicals are added. One of the most insidious is chlorine.

But, since exotic diseases are not present in the water supply, people are hardly concerned about the chemicals and as such continue to drink,shower and bathe in chlorinated water (swimming pools reek of chlorine).

Some are buying bottled water, but here again, hardly any attention is given to health issues – e.g. the water source from which the water is bottled is questionable; the plastic containers are questionable, pollution issues, the financial costs of buying a bottle of water – not enough to drink per day; no attention given to the water used for showering, bathing, cooking, etc., etc.

What is to be done?

The most important thing, we believe, is for people to know that they have a choice. Information propelled them to be users of bottled water, to choose to drink bottled water instead of tap water. But if their grasp of what propelled them is understood overall, they would also be concerned about the water used for showering, bathing, cooking.

We have prepared a comprehensive newsletter on Water with the following headings:

The Water Cure
Different types of water
Bottled Water – clear choices
Brands of Bottled Water; Filtration systems
Chlorine and cancer?
Chlorine and Asthma?
Testimony on drinking water
Discussion H2O

Given the amount of information this entails, we have decided to send it to you in short sips, so that you can click through and read the article you prefer. We recommend however that you read all of them as they will be of use to you as you make your choices.

We have also developed podcasts on water and can make them available upon request.

We will continue the focus on drinking water (quality and quantity), given the focus on this issues as Goal 7 of the Millennium Development Goals

-Reducing poverty and achieving sustained development must be done in conjunction with a healthy planet. The Millennium Goals recognize that environmental sustainability is part of global economic and social well-being. Unfortunately exploitation of natural resources such as forests, land, water, and fisheries-often by the powerful few-have caused alarming changes in our natural world in recent decades, often harming the most vulnerable people in the world who depend on natural resources for their livelihood.

Goal 7 of the Millennium Development Goals sets out by the year 2015 to:

  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources.
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
  • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020. (Source: millenniumcampaign.org)

For full articles and links go to this webpage

Thank you

Muriella’s Corner

Music for the Environment – Green Music

Forest Music, Water Music

We honor our family from the various ecological zones (ecozones) who make up this planet, this one earth, in which we live and which we cherish so dearly.

Our family can be found in forests, deserts (and these members are usually of a nomadic nature, really cherishing the planet by moving and laying fallow the earth for regeneration and sustenance).  However, with the destruction of forests their lifestyle is being compromised.  Their songs and poetry tell their tale.

Some of our relatives live in mountainous regions, some on the plains, some on small island states, with many of them deserting their natural habitats, which are being devastated, and moving in droves to urban areas…also being influenced by overcrowing, overpopulation, lack of sustainable services…

We decided to share music from others living in the various ecozones

Pygmy music/forest music

The Pygmies are usually forest nomads who live in Central Africa, especially in Congo, Central African Republic and Cameroon. Music is an important part of Pygmy life, with performances taking place during their daily work or events. Music comes in many forms, including the spiritual likanos stories, singing and music played from a variety of instruments.

Water, our sine qua non

Water means life.  Without water there is no life.  Our bodies are made up of water ( 75 % of our bodies are composed of water; our brain is 85% water). It is water that energizes and activates the solid matter.

People carry out rituals with water and in water.  At times, they organize to collectively hug a body of water (lake, stream, river…) Much is being talked about the power of water and the potential influence of water and the thought process.  One researcher did water experiments where he played both hard rock and classical music to water samples. Then he froze them and examined the musical effects on the water’s molecules. The more beautiful the music, the more beautiful the shapes of the molecules.

Water is energy.  We are energy.  Connecting the two can make beautiful music, if we choose to see that water can be a friend and not an enemy; if we choose to use these energies to bring about peace and harmony.

Click here for information http://snipurl.com/1khkk

Tap water, fluoride, cavities – brush with bar soap

Updated 29 June 2007

The article below reminds us of effects over time of actions taken to improve public health, effects which can cause more harm than good in the long run, with the consumer bearing the brunt of the consequences.

The practice of adding fluoride to water started some 60 years ago, and is widely held by dentists and public health experts to have been a major factor in the improvement in dental health seen in individuals living in areas where water fluoridation is practiced… the science shows that water fluoridation is of relatively limited benefit, and has the capacity to do considerable harm – including to our teeth!

Up until recently, the the most comprehensive study to assess the effectiveness of water fluoridation (often referred to as the ‘York study’) found that just one in six people drinking fluoridated water benefits from this practice [1]. However, drinking fluoridated water was also found to cause serious ‘dental fluorosis’, a condition in which the teeth become mottled, discoloured or even pitted due to excess fluoride.

Update 24 May 2007

Diethylene glycol ( an industrial solvent used in engine coolants and anti-freeze) was found in toothpaste sold in the Dominican Republic and Panama .

In the 36,000 tubes of possibly contaminated toothpaste were tubes of toothpaste marketed for children with bubble gum and strawberry flavors sold under the name of “Mr. Cool Junior.”

FDA checking toothpaste imports from other countries, including China. In Australia there is some evidence of contaminated toothpaste.

Wash your mouth with soap

Know about the link between fluoride in toothpaste, fluoride in tap water, and your dental health.

This blog is dedicated to our pearly whites.

I have been researching issues of gingivitis and periodontal disease for over a year now, as I was told that my gums are infected and that I am in danger of losing bone, and of course, teeth, as time progresses, i.e. as we age.

I have since found what I believe is the primer on caring for teeth and gums – Good Teeth from Birth to Death by Dr Judd.

What endeared me to the information in the book was an interesting meet up with two dentists on the same day – the periodontist saying that my gums were very inflamed and that I would have to have surgery; my regular dentist saying, just 20 minutes later, that my gums seemed in good condition, not inflamed in response to my query. Click here for issue of Muriella’s Corner on gum disease and inflammation.

After obtaining the Judd information, I came across Tooth Soap, and have been using it for a while now, combining oil pulling with brushing with soap, and have seen some improvements.

For those, like me, who would like to save their teeth and heal their gums, try Tooth Soap

http://snipurl.com/1io7v

Dr Judd has placed in everyone’s hand the complete answer to tooth cavities.

Following this procedure there will not be one more cavity, one more gingivitis case, or one more fluorosed, brittle, cracked tooth in the world. Bad teeth in Ireland, Canada, the USA, Britain, Australia and New Zealand will now be curbed.

Dr Judd’s 55-year fight with fluoride promoters (dentists) in these countries is over since research now establishes for certain that fluoride makes the teeth WORSE and not better. My book, Good Teeth, Birth to Death lays out in no uncertain terms all the detail to achieve my claims. Click here to purchase Good Teeth, Birth to Death
Dr Judd has talked to thousands of people about their teeth, many of whom have perfect teeth. In all those cases of perfect teeth, the practice of rinsing while eating has been the reason, and not fluoride. He found out that perfect teeth have little or nothing to do with genetics. The best way to have perfect teeth besides staying away from greedy or incompetent dentists is to pursue the following behavior:

Rinse acids off the teeth during eating
Brush the teeth with bar soap

Take calcium pills with vitamin D daily

Take monosodium phosphate daily

Take freshly made sodium ascorbate daily for gum connections to the teeth

Dispense with the worry that bacteria harm teeth: THEY CANNOT

Dispense with the worry that sugar destroys teeth. Dr Judd found that sugar has little or nothing to do with cavities

Avoid all fluoride products. They destroy teeth, unravel enzymes and cause 113 ailments

His 117-page book, Good Teeth, Birth to Death covers the perfect teeth subject thoroughly including the fluoride controversy. It is a product of thousands of hours of research. The index alone is 41 pages.
The Journal of Pub Health Dentistry, Nov 1993, published an article about a tooth decay epidemic in the US since 42% of people over 65 years of age have no natural teeth, 44-year-olds have an average of 30 decays, 17-year-olds have an average of 11 decays, the blacks and the poor are twice as bad as this and the American Indians have four times the tooth trouble.

American Indians have free dental care, and have had since almost the beginning of fluoridation. If fluoride helped prevent cavities at a rate of 80% per 15 years as the proponents of fluoride claimed in the beginning of the early studies of the forties, US residents would now have less than 2 cavities per person.

In MediZine, V6 #2, April of 2000, the American Dental Association again stated that a dental epidemic exists and 42% of those over 65 years of age and 25% of those over 44 years of age have no natural teeth. They admit their ignorance as to why.

4 curves representing a total of 480,000 students and covering over 30 years of study indicate that the increasing concentration of fluoride in drinking water from 0 to 1 ppm increases the cavities 7, 43, 22 and 10% in Japan, Tucson, India and the US. In other words, fluoridation about doubles cavitation from the normal (Dr Judd’s calculation). Numerous studies verify the fact that fluoridation of water increases cavities.

Tooth enamel (essentially calcium phosphate) reacts with all acids to form cavities (see any chemistry text dealing with solubilities). The proton of the acid pulls the phosphate right out of the enamel, and fast. By drinking a sip of water along with the acid during eating, the acid reacts chemically with water immediately to form hydronium ion and thus the enamel is saved. One can use milk or coffee for the same purpose, since they are both non-acidic. Dr. Albert Schatz, Nobelist who discovered streptomycin, found several decades ago that sharks’ teeth with their excessive fluoride would dissolve just as readily in citric acid as ordinary non-fluoridated teeth, laying to rest the hypothesis that fluoride would stop cavities.

The American Dental Association pushed aside this discovery and Dr. Schatz’ discoveries regarding excessive baby mortalities caused by fluoridation in Chili, South America as insignificant. They returned his mail 3x unopened and would not deal with him.
Some harmful acids (with pH <4) which are tart to the taste and attack the enamel include lemons, grapefruit, oranges, pineapple, kiwi fruit, tomatoes, vinegar, cider, vitamin C (especially chewable) and stomach acid. The lower the pH, the more rapidly the acids attack. Body acid (extremely weak) is insignificant in this process. Non-acid foods such as beans, bread and potatoes have no action on teeth. Worry about such foods is over.

The only worry about non-acid foods is if they will crack the teeth due to their hardness. Chewing ice, unpopped corn kernels, extremely hard nuts, bones or other hard objects is not smart, since teeth do have a breaking strength.

Reenamelization of the teeth occurs when they are clean. All toothpastes make a barrier of glycerine on the teeth which would require 20 rinses to get it off. A good solution for clean teeth, which Dr Judd has used for 5 years, is bar soap. Wet the brush, swipe the bar two or three times with it, then brush the teeth thoroughly and the gums gently. Rinse with water three or four times. All oils are washed off the teeth and the gums are disinfected. The bacteria are killed by the soap. The teeth are then ready for reenamelization with calcium and phosphate in the diet. The enzyme adenosine diphosphatase delivers phosphate to the enamel surface. Do not use liquid soaps. Their different composition is harmful to the protoplasm.

Reenamelization is necessary on a daily basis because the enamel leaches slightly with water as well as the bones over decades leading to holey bones and holey teeth even in the absence of acid attack. Without reenamelization, we could never have good teeth.

Calcium (1.2 g if it is the only source) with vitamin D can be obtained from Walgreens at a very reasonable price of about 5 cents per pill. Other required vitamin and mineral requirements of the body can be found on page 56 of the book. Vitamin D helps to deliver calcium to its needed site. All acid-soluble calcium compounds such as calcium carbonate or calcium citrate are suitable with D. It goes without saying that calcium is necessary in building calcium phosphate teeth.

Monosodium phosphate is the best supplement for phosphate since it is very pure and highly soluble in water. Simply take about 1/5 teaspoon (1 gram), dissolve it in 1 inch of water in less than a minute, then fill up the glass and drink it daily. This takes care of all the bones, teeth, DNA, RNA and at least 30 phosphate-containing enzymes which are listed on page 53 of the book. Our bodies run on enzymes and we are hard put to lose any of them. Even the brain requires them. Phosphate also regulates body pH.
Vitamin C powder – Put 1 level tsp (4 g) in a glass, add 1/2 tsp Arm and Hammer baking soda, add 1 inch of water, let fizz, dilute to 8 oz and drink. The compound made here is fresh sodium ascorbate. This is about 1000 x as soluble as C, and is more reactive towards antibody and connective tissue construction and viral destruction. Thus the gums knit back to the teeth, avoiding any kind of oral surgery for “receding gums.” Receding gums are nothing but gum pockets caused by toothpaste and especially fluoride, which severs all proteins because of its highly negative character. Fluoride is the smallest negative ion on earth, and consequently is the most intensely negative particle on earth. As such, fluoride breaks the positive hydrogen bonds, which hold the coils together, in proteins and enzymes.
We know that bacteria have nothing to do with loss of enamel. Witness the billions of animal and human remains in the earth which have lost all the flesh and are reduced to tooth enamel and bones. It is quite evident that the teeth have been through bacterial contact but are unaffected. The same with human teeth. They cannot be affected by bacteria, because there is no carbon or hydrogen in enamel, which bacteria subsist on. Study of streptococcic mutans as a source of so-called “decay” is a waste of government funding donated to dental organizations.Sugars (fructose, glucose and sucrose) were found in Dr Judd’s laboratory studies to be unable to dissolve calcium phosphate to any extent, even in hot water solution. The reason for this is that the chelation process of the sugar towards teeth is slow because of the large size of the molecule and perhaps for the particular shape of the chelate formed.

Sugars are not the cause of tooth cavities to any great extent, but still it will do no harm to rinse them off the teeth after consuming candy, especially the sticky variety. The adhering barrier will prevent reenamelization.
Fluoride at very low levels destroys at least 66 out of 83 enzymes by uncoupling the hydrogen bond linkage between the enzyme coils. Fluoride causes 113 known ailments ten of these were established through double blind studies, which although noteworthy, may be of no more significance than the individual diagnoses.

Fluoride in the gels used (inappropriately) to harden the enamel is extremely toxic at a concentration of 13,000 ppm (1.3%). Keith Kantor of McMinneville Oregon was killed in the dentist’s chair 3 years ago by swallowing half a teaspoon of the gel. His brother nearly died from the same treatment, but was saved by having calcium gluconate administered to him.

Three kidney dialysis patients at the University of Chicago Medical School were killed 3 years ago when nurses used unpurified Chicago tap water for dialysis. Chicago water has 2 ppm fluoride in it during the winter.Fluoridated water is lethal to dialysis patients. Fluoride is also very harmful to the kidneys of ordinary people.One can look up the lethal dose of a large number of chemicals all the way from botulinum and snake poison toxins to sugar, a non-toxin, on pages 57and 58 of the book Good Teeth Birth to Death. It is interesting that the lethal dosage of fluoride compound for a 50 kg man is 2.5 mg (fluoroacetic acid), and 400 mg for arsenic oxide. Numerous people, animals and fish on earth, especially in the U.S., have been killed by fluoride, but very few, if any, by arsenic.Toothpaste companies now are required to put warning signs on tubes so children will not consume enough of the 1000 ppm (.1%) material to make them sick or cause death. This requirement arises out of lawsuits in which children were poisoned by fluoride-containing toothpaste.
The best available data indicates about 120,000 cancer patients are killed annually because of fluoride in their drinking water. These include patients with every type of cancer.The dramatic increase of cancer cases in the US in recent times can probably be laid directly on the shoulders of the dentists due to their tireless energies in converting city councils to put fluoride in the water for “the children’s teeth.” They are able to do this because of large government grants. It is irrational to believe just “anything” in the environment causes cancer. The unique character of fluoride ion in destroying enzymes deserves attention.

Source : Dr Gerard F. Judd, Speech, May 2001

Be a filter or get a filter – Click here to purchase
Click here for more information on contaminated toothpaste.

Make your own bottled water and save the planet

update:

Friday, November 2, 2007

Chlorine and human health

The Medical College Of Wisconsin research team asserts that there is an association between cancer and chlorinated water, based on one of their studies.

After more than 100 years of chlorine being added to drinking water as a standard and cheap way of making water drinkable, the jury are now saying that the long term effects of drinking chlorinated water pose a higher cancer risk than for those drinking non-chlorinated water. – i.e. we drink bleach!(U.S. Council Of Environmental Quality).

Get a filter or be a filter!

Note from The Editor, Muriella’s Corner

A recent visit to a friend prompted me to revisit this article on water. She is suffering from an inflammatory disease and was told to drink lots of water. She buys bottled water at $10.00 a case of 35, and at times drinks 3-4 bottles a day, which means that in 9 days she has to repurchase. In a month, she has already spent about $40.00 on bottled water for drinking. In a year she will have spent $480.00, and could, if the bottles are not recycled, produce 140 plastic bottles a month as garbage, or 1,680 plastic bottles a year.

For families who buy bottled water, consideration should be given to buying a water filter and a shower filter. In addition to the health effects(drink, cook, shower with filtered water) and the economic gain over time, we would not contribute as much to polluting the environment with plastic.

If we stop and think for a moment, we would realise that our being on automatic could affect our health, finances and our environment.

See below for information on water filtration. With regard to the pollution of the environment, our first effort is to become aware ourselves of the amount of plastics we use that contribute to the pollution of the planet (e.g. plastic bags and grocery shopping, bottled water in plastic bottles, plastic hangers … When we become aware, we can decide what, if anything to do about it, and do something.

Given the inconsistences among the bottled water sources, why not control your source and, instead of being a filter, get a filter.

Water quality is, in general, getting worse. You usually cannot rely on clean water directly from the faucets in your home, nor from the bottled sources. To treat often-polluted water, cities and government agencies must use more and more chemicals, which affect the taste, color and odor of the water. There are various home filtration models available on the market.

Here are some suggestions below on those I use and promote. To guard the integrity and purity of the water, filters need to be replaced; frequency depends on the quality of water in your area.

Countertop system (dual system filter cartridge sold separately. (http://snipurl.com/1hho4) The countertop filtration system can also be installed under the counter with purchase of filtration kit.
Shower head (with shower wand purchased separately http://snipurl.com/1hhnt), the skin being the largest organ, absorbs the most water daily.  Read more on filters and KDF Filtration systems

See Muriella’s Corner on Chlorine and Asthma and Chlorine and Cancer and Fluoride and Boy’s health http://onlineitools.com/nl/nl-output.php?nl_id=20007&bus_id=2213&plain=0

as well as Muriella’s Corner on fluoride in drinking water

http://snipurl.com/h2ofluor

And water quality issues/water treatment

Editor, Muriella’s Corner

xxxxx

Buying bottled water is wrong, says Suzuki
Environmentalist launches national tour on green issues
Last Updated: Thursday, February 1, 2007 | 12:46 PM ET
CBC News
Canadians wanting to do something about the environment can start by
drinking tap water, environmentalist David Suzuki says.

“Everywhere I go across Canada, I insist I be given tap water when I get up
to speak,” Suzuki told CBC News on Thursday.

David Suzuki says plastic water bottles generate waste and potential
health hazards because of their chemical composition.
(CBC) “I think in Canada it’s absolutely disgusting that people are so
uncertain about their water that we buy it, paying more for bottled water
than we do for gasoline.”

Suzuki – who was in St. John’s on Thursday to launch a cross-country
speaking tour aimed at engaging people in politics, particularly
environmental issues – said there is no good reason for Canadians to buy
bottled water.

Moreover, he said it’s destructive to import bottled water from producers in
countries such as France.

“It’s nuts to be shipping water all the way across the planet, and us –
because we’re so bloody wealthy – we’re willing to pay for that water
because it comes from France,” he said in an interview.

“I don’t believe for a minute that French water is better than Canadian
water. I think that we’ve got to drink the water that comes out of our taps,
and if we don’t trust it, we ought to be raising hell about that.”

Key environmental issues with bottled water, Suzuki said, are waste and
uncertainty over the long-term health effects created by plastic.

“Not only does bottled water lead to unbelievable pollution – with old
bottles lying all over the place – but plastic has chemicals in it,” he
said.

“Plastics are ubiquitous. I don’t believe that plastics are not involved in
a great deal of the health problems that we face today.”

Last August, delegates to the United Church of Canada’s general council
voted to discourage the purchase of bottled water within its churches. The
motion called on church members to advocate against the “privatization of
water” and to support healthy local supplies of water.
xxxxxxxxx
Bottled water from different sources

When shopping for bottled water, you first need to know the different types. The following are the types of water that conform to the Standards of Identity as set forth by the United States Food and Drug Administration.

Artesian Water/Artesian Well Water — Bottled water from a well that taps a confined aquifer (a water-bearing underground layer of rock or sand) in which the water level stands at some height above the top of the aquifer.

Drinking Water: Drinking water is another name for bottled water. Accordingly, drinking water is water that is sold for human consumption in sanitary containers and contains no added sweeteners or chemical additives (other than flavors, extracts or essences). It must be calorie-free and sugar-free. Flavors, extracts or essences may be added to drinking water, but they must comprise less than one-percent-by-weight of the final product or the product will be considered a soft drink. Drinking water may be sodium-free or contain very low amounts of sodium.

Mineral Water — Bottled water containing not less than 250 parts per million total dissolved solids may be labeled as mineral water. Mineral water is distinguished from other types of bottled water by its constant level and relative proportions of mineral and trace elements at the point of emergence from the source. No minerals can be added to this product.

Purified Water — Water that has been produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis or other suitable processes while meeting the definition of purified water in the United States Pharmacopoeia may be labeled as purified bottled water. [This can mean plain tap water has been purified by one of the above three processes.]

Other suitable product names for bottled water treated by one of the above processes may include “distilled water” if it is produced by distillation, “deionized water” if it is produced by deionization or “reverse osmosis water” if the process used is reverse osmosis. Alternatively, “___ drinking water” can be used with the blank being filled in with one of the terms defined in this paragraph (e.g., “purified drinking water” or “distilled drinking water”).

Sparkling Bottled Water — Water that after treatment, and possible replacement with carbon dioxide, contains the same amount of carbon dioxide that it had as it emerged from the source. Sparkling bottled waters may be labeled as “sparkling drinking water,” “sparkling mineral water,” “sparkling spring water,” etc.

Spring Water — Bottled water derived from an underground formation from which water flows naturally to the surface of the earth. Spring water must be collected only at the spring or through a borehole tapping the underground formation feeding the spring. Spring water collected with the use of an external force must be from the same underground stratum as the spring and must have all the physical properties before treatment, and be of the same composition and quality as the water that flows naturally to the surface of the earth.

Well Water — Bottled water from a hole bored, drilled or otherwise constructed in the ground, which taps the water aquifer.

Without taking taste into consideration, the best deals on buying bottled water are found at shopping clubs such as Costco Wholesale. Grocery stores have the next-best deals, while convenience stores are pricey. A bottle at a convenience store commonly costs three to four times more than one purchased in bulk at a shopping club.
The bottled water business has grown phenomenally in recent years.

According to data from Beverage Marketing Corporation, bottled water sales in the United States has increased by almost 50 percent from 1999 to 2004, from 17.3 billion liters to 25.8.

While choosing bottled water over tap water due to safety concerns is a major reason for consumers spending more than a dollar a gallon on the liquid (in some cases it costs more per gallon than gasoline!), other people buy it because they prefer the taste over tap water or they like the convenience of the bottles when traveling.

The health concern is real. In the United States the vast majority of tap water is safe to drink due to testing and regulations, but in some other countries contaminated public water is a constant threat. One thing to keep in mind is most bottled water does not contain fluoride, and most American tap water is enhanced with the cavity-fighting substance. People who choose to exclusively drink bottled water may want to consider fluoride supplements, especially for their children.

To some people, the thought of one brand of bottled water tasting better than a comparable product is ridiculous. To illustrate that belief, in 2003 comedians Penn and Teller conducted a taste test in an upscale restaurant. Diners lavished praise on what they thought was expensive bottled water and picked their favorites, but all containers were filled from the same garden hose.

Nonetheless, many shoppers insist they can tell a difference between brands and buy accordingly.

The price between tap and bottled water is significant for several reasons, including the cost of the land where the water originates, plus the bottles, putting water in bottles and then transporting bottles to points of sale.

Some water bottles are made of petroleum resin, and as the price of oil increases so does the water. Such bottles don’t decompose, which adds an environmental cost to the equation.

Brands of Bottled Water; Filtration systems

Here’s how some brands compare, listed from least to most expensive:

Deer Park Spring Water, price per 1/2-liter bottle.

Costco: 13.4 cents (35-bottle pack)
Wal-Mart: 20.8 cents (24 bottles)
Bi-Lo: 20.8 cents (24 bottles, with frequent shopper card) or 29.1 cents (without frequent shopper card)
Food Lion: 25 cents (24 bottles)
Convenience store: 79 cents.

Dasani, price per 1/2-liter bottle

Food Lion: 29.1 cents (24 bottles)
Bi-Lo: 33.3 cents (24 bottles)
Convenience store: $1.29 for a slightly larger 591mL bottle.

Aquafina, price per 1/2-liter bottle.

Bi-Lo: 25 cents (24 pack, with frequent shopper card) or 47.9 cents (without card)
Food Lion: 48.3 cents (12 pack)
Wal-Mart: 50 cents (6 pack)
Convenience store: $1.49 for a slightly larger 591mL bottle.

Dasani flavored

Convenience store: $1.29 for 591mL
Wal-Mart: 37.3 cents for 355mL
Bi-Lo: 43.6 cents for 355mL

AqualCal flavored water, price per 1/2 liter

Wal-Mart: 47 cents
Bi-Lo: 59.8 cents
Convenience store: 99 cents.

Evian

Wal-Mart: $1.58 per liter or $1.98 for 1.5 liters
Bi-Lo: $1.59 per liter, 90 cents per half-liter or 74.8 cents for 330mL

Perrier

Costco: 53.7 cents for 330mL
Bi-Lo: 82.3 cents for 1/2 liter or $1.50 for 1 liter
Food Lion: 82.3 cents for 330mL or $1.49 for 750mL

Store brands

Costco: 13 cents for 1/2 liter
Food Lion: 16.6 cents for 1/2 liter
Wal-Mart: 17.8 cents for 591mL
Bi-Lo: 19.5 cents for 1/2 liter with frequent shopper card; 20.8 cents without.

Sources: David Suzuki, Environmentalist; Becky Billingsley, The Food Syndicate.

For documentary on breast cancer, click here

Ordinary women are also celebrities fighting breast cancer

 Our free online newsletter – Muriella’s Corner -shares more information on Cancer.  Click here for information on Living with Cancer; click here for information on Conversations with Cancer.

Format for comments for documentary of ordinary, courageous women who are also celebrities dealing with breast cancer  to be presented to Larry King or Dr Sanjay Gupta or the Oprah Show.

Further to the earlier article on celebrities who are also ordinary women dealing with breast cancer  (https://muriella.wordpress.com/2007/04/17/ordinary-women-healing-from-breast-cancer/) it seems that a lot of buzz has been created – see article on Conversations about Cancer in Muriella’s Corner free online newsletter (http://snipurl.com/1gtej)

Ordinary women not only are fighting breast cancer, but they are dealing with life which throws them quite a few lemons re cancer  (no insurance, no social supports, no information on choices…)

Please provide comments/testimonials here. 

 Muriella’s Corner would like all of you ordinary, courageous women who are celebrities in your own right to provide testimonials for our project , all of you who are dealing with cancer from diagnosis to healing to transformation or whatever your pathways are.

Muriella’s Corner would like to invite you from wherever you are, in addition to you who are on Word Press blogs on cancer to begin to contribute to the project.  The aim is to collect your stories and testimonials and provide them to Larry King or Dr Sanjay Gupta of CNN or to the Oprah Show. We need to create another face of cancer which people never see and could only imagine, faces of ordinary people doing extraordinary things.Our suggestions on submitting the comments follow:

  • Your name or pseudonym ( somewhat like a userid which portrays feeling or location in dealing with the disease like – scaredoutofmyunderwear or onwardandupward or notochemotherapy or feelingmightygoodaboutmyself… but with real name hidden so that we can identify you to participate in the event)
  • Year of diagnosis
  • Time of diagnosis (morning, noon, evening)
  • Place of diagnosis
  • Immediate reaction ( e.g. shock, why me, sky becoming very dark, cold hands, cold feet, wet hands, wet feet, sweaty, heart palpitations, crying out loud, crying silently, were you alone, with friend(s), with family…)
  • What followed (decision to talk about it , decision not to talk about it, curse my husband, curse my children, curse the pets, pray, nervous laughter…)
  • How did you manage the sequential process*(handed everything over to the doctor, ran scared out of the room,  bawled, went to a bar and drank, had somber thoughts of suicide, went to a church/temple/mosque and prayed…)

*The sequential process is what followed after your initial reaction and the decisions you made or the decisions that were made for you.  This is really where the meat of the information comes to the fore:

  • Decision to have mastectomy/lumpectomy/other/do nothing
  • Decision to have chemotherapy/radiation/other/do nothing
  • Decision to decide later what decisions to take
  • Any pressure felt and from where (without, within…)
  • Feelings after decision made
  • Roadblocks along the decision pathway (complications of other diseases hidden, fright/fear all the way, weight loss, weight gain, depression, calm, seeing the light, recognizing that there is more to do and more to life…)

Submit information to customerservice@clik-n-shoppe.com

Any other comments would be welcome

We look forward to hearing from you.

To your continued health and wellbeing

Muriella’s Corner

See our latest featured product on strengthening and flexing at the cellular level with the Cellerciser http://snipurl.com/1gh42

Blacks/African Americans and cancer – updated

Update: Gene variant that could double risk of cancer in black men identified. While discovery could lead to new treatment, it could also affect other populations.

It was reported in US News Health Day that almost twice as many black men develop prostate cancer as white men, researchers report. This study confirms that common genetic variants are linked to increased risk for prostate cancer. One of these variants, on the 8q24 gene, confers a particularly significant risk to black men.

For more information on male health, the prostate, prostate cancer go to Muriella’s Corner online newsletter

November 2007

Congresswoman McDonald dies of Cancer

source:http://caribjournal.com

rep-millender-mcdonalds-death-reported-in-california.jpgCalifornia Congresswoman Juanita Millender-McDonald has died at her home in Carson, California. She was 68.

A democrat for seven terms, McDonald asked for a four to six week leave of absence from the House to deal with her illness, after being diagnosed with cancer. The type of cancer Millender-McDonald was battling has not been disclosed.

President and Mrs. Bush issued condolences via the White House website:
“Laura and I are deeply saddened by the death of Congresswoman Juanita Millender-McDonald of California. She was a dedicated public servant who tirelessly and honorably served her country for many years. We hold Rep. Millender-McDonald’s family, friends, staff, and constituents in our thoughts and prayers.”

Millender-McDonald was the first African-American woman to chair the House Administration Committee.

She is survived by her husband James McDonald, Jr., five adult children and several grandchildren.

She is the second member of Congress to die of cancer this year. The first was Rep. Charles Norwood (R-Ga.), who died in February after battling cancer and lung disease.

Blacks and cancer

Research shows that Blacks from the diaspora and African Americans have the highest death and shortest survival rate among ethnic groups diagnosed with cancer, i.e., they have the highest mortality of any racial/ethnic group for all cancers combined while African American men have the highest overall cancer rates.

There are many reasons for this phenomenon – time of diagnosis (usually late stage diagnosis); lack of access to adequate health care; less knowledge (or even denial) about cancer symptoms; and lack of awareness or limited access to cancer screening services.

Other important reasons for late diagnosis and early deaths are the pervasive myths that surround a diagnosis of cancer within this diverse community. Many blacks immigrate with their health belief systems intact and are at times very loathe to change.

These beliefs can be that cancer is always fatal and therefore once contracted there is no need for treatment, to the idea that cancer is a punishment or retribution for someone’s bad behavior. The machismo factor among some male members of this community might be among the reasons for high tolerance/high threshold for pain. For them, engagning in preventive health behavior might not be macho, hence they delay going to the doctor until it is too late.

Language plays an important part in the understanding of the diagnostic process. In addition, the shortage of black medical personal specializing in the different “ologies” of the disease also introduce a communication and relational barrier to the doctor-patient relationship. Many might agree that poverty is directly linked to poor health care, however, it could be stressed that having more black doctors would help end a legacy of suspicion in the black community.

For example, people have knowledge about a study that intentionally left black men untreated for syphilis (the Tuskegee study where 400 black men were left untreated so that the disease could be studied for 40 years, even though penicillin was used as a cure during the time); and the rumor that a famous blues singer (Bessie Smith) bled to death from an accident because she was turned away from a white hospital have contributed to that legacy.

The non-participation or reduced participation of these communities in the screening process might also play a large role in the high incidence/prevalence of cancer among them. Emotions might affect frequency of visits to health care services, as anxiety of the results produces more fear than the possibility of having the dreaded disease.

And to top it off, lack of health insurance. Many people in these communities do not want to know that they have anything wrong with them, as their fear is not only about knowing but also about what would they be able to do with the knowledge that they have cancer, how would they access treatment modalities. Their focus might be on disease care (wait until…) and not on health care, which might just correlate with the overall focus of the health system. Prevention is not seen as necessary for maintaining good health, but treating a disease is.

Thus, at times there is complete denial among many Blacks and African Americans as they are afraid to know. Moreover, the daily battle to survive in a country that can be insensitive to the needs of immigrants, the poor, the sick, and distressed is so overwhelming that many Blacks and African Americans ignore the warning signs. Until it is too late.

There is a preponderance of Black/African American men in jails – we might not agree with how they happen to land in jail, but we might have some understanding as to why they are incarcerated.

There is a preponderance of Black/African American men dying of cancer – we know and agree on the why – however, what can we do about it?

More light needs to be thrown on this subject.

Medical schools need to orient more Blacks/African Americans to specialize more in the “ologies” like histology, radiology, oncology, urology, immunology, etc…, since we do have quite a few black sociologists, psychologists…

Political pundits need to take this on as an issue in their campaigns.

The Black/African American community needs to develop a combined strategy for addressing this issue of targeted health care and examine what each of us can do at the individual level to support ourselves, our families, each other.

We support the celebrities who courageously come forward to speak about their diagnoses, and we mourn those celebrities who died of this disease.

Muriella’s Corner believes that the discussion and dialogue need to be driven by the causes of cancer among the Black and African American communities. The discussion and dialogue need to be driven by those who make up the statistics, the ordinary man and woman courageously confronting or negating the disease. How are they coping? How can they be helped? What about health insurance? health education?

Muriella’s Corner would like to hear from you. Email us at customerservice@clik-n-shoppe.com

More on bottled water in Muriella’s Corner

The spring or mineral water bottle is  the choice of container among the health conscious; but at times economics get in the way of health consciousness as the bottle is refilled again and again with tap water .

See article on Water in Muriella’s Corner – a free online newsletter (http://snipurl.com/1gtf0)

Despite reuse of the plastic bottle, the Earth Policy Institute reports that  the planet’s health may be suffering as a result of the amount of plastics (water bottles, plastic bags…) being used by billions of people globally – more than 41 billion gallons (154 billion liters) of bottled water is consumed annually. Though not necessarily healthier than tap water, bottled water can be 10,000 times more expensive at times costing more than gasolene, when transportation and packaging are taken into account. Bottled water consumption is a global phenomenon – bottled water produced on one continent is consumed on another.  For example, one company in Helsinki, Finland,  in 2004 shipped 1.4 million bottles of Finnish tap water to Saudi Arabia—2,700 miles (4,300 kilometers) away.Well-known French brands Evian and Volvic export between 50 and 60 percent of their water to destinations across the globe.The report lists the U.S. as the world’s biggest drinker of bottled water, consuming 7 billion gallons (26 billion liters) annually. Mexico has the second highest consumption, followed by China and Brazil.Italians drink the most per person, equivalent to about two glasses a day.

Which is better, healthier water? The tap? Or the bottle? 

Environmental groups challenge the notion that water is healthier from a bottle than a tap.

Muriella’s Corner highlighted  the Natural Resources Defense Council and its four-year review of the bottled water industry, which concluded “there is no assurance that just because water comes out of a bottle, it is any cleaner or safer than water from the tap.”

The New York City-based action group added that an estimated 25 percent of bottled water is “really just tap water in a bottle—sometimes further treated, sometimes not.”

In Great Britain the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management recently published a report questioning the quality, labeling, and environmental cost of bottled water. It should also be noted that the high mineral content of some bottled waters makes them unsuitable for feeding babies and young children.

But the International Bottled Water Association (IBWA) says the product provides a convenient, healthy alternative to calorie-laden portable drinks or those containing caffeine and artificial additives.

The IBWA, based in Alexandria, Virginia, points out that bottled water is fully regulated by government agencies, such as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, to be guaranteed safe to drink.

Meanwhile, in many developing countries, tap water is either unavailable or unsafe, making bottled water a better option, but not too many people can afford to buy the amount needed to quench their families’ thirst.

Tons of Plastic

Even when bottled water is safer to drink, campaigners say that the packaging is threatening environmental health.

Worldwide some 2.7 million tons (2.4 million metric tons) of plastic are used to bottle water each year, according to EPI.

The plastic most commonly used is polyethylene terepthalate (PET), which is derived from crude oil.

Americans thirst for bottled water requires more than 1.5 million barrels of oil annually to make the needed plastics, enough to fuel some 100,000 U.S. cars for a year, according to an EPI executive.

About 86 percent of plastic water bottles in the U.S. become garbage or litter, according to the Container Recycling Institute in Washington, D.C.

Plastic debris in the environment can take between 400 and 1,000 years to degrade.

To help alleviate environmental harm from PET, some companies are adopting a more eco-friendly bottling alternative.

For example, Colorado-based BIOTA bottles its spring water in a container made from a biodegradable plastic called polylactic acid (PLA), which is derived from corn.

The bottling company says, given the right composting conditions, the container will disappear in 75 to 80 days.

 WOW!

Source: National Geographic News

Muriella’s Corner on Tap Water

Toxic Taps…

Click here to learn more 

We often take the purity of our tap water for granted — and we shouldn’t.  The National Research Defense Council –  NRDC – produced a document  in 2001 called What’s on Tap?, a carefully researched, documented and peer-reviewed study  of the drinking water systems of 19
U.S. cities. Among other things it  found that pollution and deteriorating, out-of-date
  plumbing are sometimes delivering drinking water that might pose health risks to some residents. It also found that at times cities are not very straightforward about what is in the water and that some water sources are now well protected. Many cities around the country rely on pre-World War I-era water delivery systems and treatment technology. Aging pipes can break, leach contaminants into the water they carry and breed bacteria — all potential prescriptions for illness. And old-fashioned water treatment — built to filterout particles in the water and kill some parasites and bacteria — generally fails to remove 21st-century contaminants like pesticides, industrial chemicals and arsenic. What’s on Tap? found one overarching truth: If steps are not taken now, our drinking water will get worse. Is the situation better today than 6 years ago?  Actions taken seem to be more in lline with  protecting corporate polluters than protecting public healthGovernment — whether city, state or federal — should be doing all it can to ensure that citizens get clean, safe drinking water every time they turn on a faucet or stop at a public water fountain. And an informed, involved citizenry is the key to the process. Everyone should be encouraged  to look into the quality of their city’s water supply, and to demand that our elected officials do what’s necessary to provide safe tap water.Citizens have a right to know about : water quality, right-to-know reports, and  about protection of water sources, at least  Good drinking water depends on cities getting three things right:According to the NRDC,  four cities 1n 2001 were found to  have fair-to-substandard drinking water:

  • Atlanta, which maintains its distribution system poorly
  • Albuquerque and
    San Francisco, which have poor treatment systems
  • Fresno, which has no real source water protection

So what does all this mean in terms of what’s actually in your water glass? If your city has a water  quality problem, your tap water may at times carry a worrisome collection of contaminants. A handful  of these showed up repeatedly in the water of the cities  studied:

  • Lead, which enters drinking water supplies from the corrosion of pipes and plumbing fixtures and can cause brain damage in infants and children
  • Pathogens (germs) that can make people sick, especially those with weakened immune systems, the frail elderly and the very young
  • By-products of chlorine treatment such as trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids, which may cause cancer and reproductive problems
  • Arsenic, radon, the rocket fuel perchlorate and other carcinogens or otherwise toxic chemicals

Contaminants like these get into our water from many different sources. A few examples: runoff from sewage systems that overflow after a heavy storm; runoff from contaminant-laden sites like roads, pesticide and fertilizer-rich farms and lawns, and mining sites; wastes from huge animal feedlots; and industrial pollution that leaches into groundwater or is released into surface water.NRDC’s study found that relatively few cities are in outright violation of national standards for contamination of drinking water, but this is more a result of weak standards than it is of low contaminant levels. For example, cancer-causing arsenic is currently present in the drinking water of 22 million Americans at average levels of 5 ppb, well below a new EPA standard for arsenic of 10 ppb that will go into effect in 2006. Yet scientists now know that there is no safe level of arsenic in drinking water. (The EPA found that a standard of 3 ppb would have been feasible, but industry lobbying and concerns over treatment costs prevailed over public safety.) Bottom line: : the tap water in some cities might pose health risks to vulnerable consumers – people who have serious immune system problems, pregnant women, parents of infants, those with chronic illnesses and the elderly should consult with their health care providers about the safety of tap water.  Your Right to Know What’s in Your Tap WaterThe first question that one would logically ask on reading the above is, “How do I find out what’s in my water glass?” And according to
U.S. law, every citizen is entitled to a straight answer. Every city is required to publish reports about the safety and quality of its drinking water system.

  • The problem, as NRDC found, is that while some cities do a good job with their right-to-know reports, others publish information that is incomplete or misleading, or omitted it entirely, or failed to report on the health effects

These right-to-know reports hold enormous promise. In addition to informing citizens about the state of their city’s water system, they can also build support for investment and encourage citizens to participate in fixing local problems.   The NRDC has included a set of recommendations that cities might adopt in setting goals for their right-to-know publications. Protecting the SourceThe first line of defense in ensuring the safety and quality of drinking water is to ensure that water sources — lakes, rivers, streams and aquifers (porous underground formations that hold water) — are protected from pollution. There are many ways that contaminants get into source water, among them:

  • Municipal sewage
  • Polluted runoff from stormwater or snowmelt in urban and suburban areas
  • Pesticides and fertilizers from agricultural fields
  • Animal waste from feedlots and farms
  • Industrial pollution from factories
  • Mining waste
  • Hazardous waste sites
  • Spills and leaks of petroleum products and industrial chemicals
  • “Natural” contamination such as arsenic or radon that occurs in water as a result of leaching or release of the contaminant from rock

Some cities are doing a fine job of protecting their drinking water supply. Seattle is doing an excellent job of protecting source water; Boston, San Francisco and
Denver also get high marks. But many other cities have a long way to go:

  • Albuquerque‘s groundwater is becoming seriously depleted;
    Fresno‘s groundwater is highly susceptible to contamination;
  • In Atlanta, Chicago, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles, New Orleans, Newark, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Diego and Washington, D.C., source water is threatened by runoff and industrial or sewage contamination;
  • Water supplies in Baltimore, Fresno, Los Angeles, New Orleans, San Diego and several other cities are vulnerable to agricultural pollution containing nitrogen, pesticides or sediment;
  • Denver‘s source water faces an additional challenge from debris from wildfires and sediments from floods;
  • Manchester‘s problems apparently come from recreational boating activity in its reservoir.

Email us at customerservice@clik-n-shoppe.com for more information on the NRDC study and for information on water filters.

REMEMBER – You can either GET A FILTER or BE A FILTER

Here are some suggestions below on those I use and promote.  To guard the integrity and purity of the water, filters need to be replaced; frequency depends on the quality of water in your area.

Countertop system (dual system filter cartridge sold separately. (http://snipurl.com/1hho4) The countertop filtration system can also be installed under the counter with purchase of filtration kit.
Shower head (with shower wand purchased separately http://snipurl.com/1hhnt), the skin being the largest organ, absorbs the most water daily.


See Muriella’s Corner on Chlorine and Asthma and Chlorine and Cancer and Fluoride and Boy’s health

http://onlineitools.com/nl/nl-output.php?nl_id=20007&bus_id=2213&plain=0

Muriella’s Corner on bottled water

 Editor’s Note:  Be sure to listen to Muriella’s Corner Podcast on Drinking Water

Drinking water is a hot issue – in many countries water supply is a scarcity issue and challenges pertaining to water quantity affect people’s lives enormously – girls kept out of school to fetch water, not enough potable water sources for the millions, babies who are suffering and dying, as we speak, from diarrhoeal diseases attributed to polluted drinking water sources, etc.  Despite the efforts of the United Nations and other public and private agencies and support of donor countries, an estimated 1.1 billion people still have no access to potable, drinking water.

 

WHAT’S IN YOUR BOTTLED WATER?

The Environmental Working Group is embarking on a new study on the safety of bottled water and need your help to build a label database.

Get the nearest bottle of water you have and begin by entering its UPC code (located on the label) below.

Go to http://www.ewg.org/issues/bottledwater/index.php and get more information

 

In other countries, the issue is water quality. 

There is enough drinking water to go around and as such, wastage and quality are issues that affect children.  For example, who does not keep the water running while brushing their teeth?  Who among us does not flush a tissue down the toilet with a full tank or water?  Who among us does not buy bottled water, or have a portable water filter for drinking purposes?

As I might have shared with you, I spent decades with the United Nations working with communities providing drinking water, latrines for hygienic fecal disposal, with the aim of influencing health behavior in this area of clean water, good hygiene habits and affordable sanitation.

Once we understand that our body is over 70% water and that water controls virtually every aspect of our health, we can begin to understand its importance. Not just the water we drink, but the water that we shower in… cook with… prepare juices, teas and coffee with… all affect our health significantly.

Thus the issue of potable drinking water is near and dear to my heart.

Today, we will talk about bottled water, the pros and cons and cost factors. Please note that Muriella’s Corner shares information for your knowledge only; decision making or what you do with the information is entirely up to you.

Water, of course, is essential to human health. Drinking enough water to replace whatever is lost through bodily functions is important. Are we drinking enough? If we are not, is it because we do not trust tap water and cannot afford to buy enough bottled water? At work, after a workout, or just about any time, statistics show , according to the FDA Consumer Magazine that Americans are drinking bottled water in record numbers–a whopping 5 billion gallons in 2001, according to the International Bottled Water Association. That’s about the same amount of water that falls from the American Falls at
Niagara Falls in two hours.

Millions and millions of dollars are spent each week on advertising campaigns assuring the purity and quality of bottled water, which in return bring in to the bottled water industry billions and billions of dollars. According to the World Wildlife Fund, that could amount to about $22 billion dollars a year, despite the fact that, in some cases, bottled water may be no healthier than tap water.  WWF believes that people use bottled water because people were worried about pollution (chemicals in the tap water, which we will talk about in another podcast on Water), while on the other hand, the environment becomes polluted with the toxic chemicals that are released  in the manufacturing and production of 1.5 million tons of plastics used to bottle water each year. Does recycling help?

To recap, the numbers mentioned earlier as regards bottled water – In 2001 – over 5 billion gallons of bottled water was consumed (the same amount of water gushed from the Niagara Falls in two hours); the bottled water industry cashes in big time about $22 billion a year while releasing 1.5 million tons of plastic each year into the environment.

Next, we will talk about tap water.  Email us at info@muriellascorner.com for more information on bottled water vs tap water in our newsletter Muriella’s Corner.

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